Biodiversity is a scientific term refers mainly to the present living species in a studied area. The quarrying activities increased extensively in the later periods under the continuous increase in the world demand for raw materials. The quarrying activities are of direct and/or indirect impacts on the surrounding ecosystems. However, the quarrying activities and the related excavation, blasting, drilling and the associated by-products normally associated with the destruction of some of the present animal habitats as well as the distributed flora.
In this project, we focus on Helwan limestone quarry (No. 11623). The quarry was studied previously by other researchers to identify the present fauna and flora and they recorded about 12 vascular plant species and about 15 vertebrate species. The main target of the previous work is to make detection for the plants and vertebrates in the quarry. Thus, our work focus to complete the biodiversity image of the quarry and cover the present gaps through the recording of the present micro-organisms, insects, confirming the previous detected plants and vertebrates. Also, the study will cover the relationship between the geological features, seepage water in the quarry, quarrying activities and the biodiversity in the quarry. Finally, possible management model was suggested to enhance the biodiversity in the area and make it of economic and environmental value.